Theft is a serious crime in Canada and is punishable by a maximum penalty of 10 years under section 334 of the Criminal Code. Theft can be completed in several manners and even the temporary deprivation of property can lead to an individual being charged with Theft. Under section 322 of the criminal code theft can be completed in any one of the following manners:

THEFT –  Section 322 (1) Every one commits theft who fraudulently and without colour of right takes, or fraudulently and without colour of right converts to his use or to the use of another person, anything, whether animate or inanimate, with intent

(a) to deprive, temporarily or absolutely, the owner of it, or a person who has a special property or interest in it, of the thing or of his property or interest in it;

(b) to pledge it or deposit it as security;

(c) to part with it under a condition with respect to its return that the person who parts with it may be unable to perform; or

(d) to deal with it in such a manner that it cannot be restored in the condition in which it was at the time it was taken or converted.

Time when theft completed

(2) A person commits theft when, with intent to steal anything, he moves it or causes it to move or to be moved, or begins to cause it to become movable.


(3) A taking or conversion of anything may be fraudulent notwithstanding that it is effected without secrecy or attempt at concealment.

Purpose of taking

(4) For the purposes of this Act, the question whether anything that is converted is taken for the purpose of conversion, or whether it is, at the time it is converted, in the lawful possession of the person who converts it is not material.

Wild living creature

(5) For the purposes of this section, a person who has a wild living creature in captivity shall be deemed to have a special property or interest in it while it is in captivity and after it has escaped from captivity.

There are many defences to theft that an experienced criminal lawyer can raise in defence to a charge of theft. To contact an experienced Newmarket Criminal Lawyer that has successfully represented hundreds of clients charged with theft call our office immediately at 647-352-BAIL (2245).

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